Rebuilding Nepal- Transitional shelters by Abari
Nepal witnessed an earthquake which caused widespread damage of lives, properties and economy of the whole nation on 24/04/2014. Apart from lives, the earthquake – which is said to be one of the worst – has affected most of the historical and cultural representation of the communities and lost a few in regard of the traditional houses in rural areas. In an attempt to conserve the Nepalese traditions which is of high value across the globe, Abari aims at rebuilding Nepal via Owner- Driven Reconstruction (ODR).
- Building owner driven shelters that are flexible, diverse and will not be cookie cutters. They will help in empowering villagers and take pride in their own ideas.
- 80% of the shelter will be made through salvaged local materials from their previous homes. The stones, bricks, wood; bamboo along with the doors and windows can be reused.
- The walls of these shelters will be made from local resources that are available as per the geographical location. The available options are- Rubble in fills, thatch or leaf covered wall/ roof and Bamboo weave.
- Similarly, the foundation of these shelters will have options that are classified between concrete, PVC pipe and plastic foundations.
- Availability of an area below the roof of these shelters can be used for storage.
- The transitional shelters will have their own level of comfort and privacy. A partition wall can be played around with and the size of these shelters will vary as per the requirement.
- The shelters that last up to two years could later be transformed into cow shed or multipurpose storage area for the owners. They can also be dismantled to later build their permanent homes.
- Wattle & daub is a traditional technology which Abari is trying to interpret via the transitional shelters and is one of the simplest designs we have worked on till date.
The government of Nepal announced that it will be providing 2 bundles of tin sheets often called ‘Jasta’ in Nepali. Abari’s designs requires two bundles along with salvaged materials from their previous homes.
Abari is currently working on catering to villages that have been widely damaged by the earthquake.
Current project: Building 1,600 homes in Sindhupalchowk.